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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2008年06月第14卷第3期
   
本文已被:浏览4998次    下载1469次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2008)03−0433−04
 
宁乡方言词法的几点特色
 
邓开初
 
(长沙学院中文与新闻传播系,长沙文化研究所,湖南长沙,410003)
 
摘  要: 宁乡方言在构词和构形方面的几个特色中包括名词的几个后缀、形容词的几个后缀、数量词中缀“是”及多功能后缀“唧”等。这些特点说明宁乡方言虽属于湘方言中的长益片,但由于其特殊的地理位置,也在不小的程度上受到娄邵片的影响。这说明宁乡方言是湘方言长益片里一个特殊的次方言。
 
关键词: 宁乡方言;构词;构形;名词后缀;形容词后缀;数量词中缀;多功能后缀
 
 
The characteristics of morphology of Ningxiang dialect
 
DENG Kaichu
 
(Department of the Chinese Language and Journalism, Changsha Culture Research Institute, Changsha University, Changsha 410003, China)
 
Abstract: This article discussed the characteristics of Ningxiang dialect in word formation and configuration, including several noun suffixes, adjective suffixes, the numeral and classifier infixes “shi(是)” and the multifunctional suffixes “ji(唧)” etc. On one hand, these characteristics show Ningxiang dialect is a branch of Hunan dialect in Chang-Yi area; on the other hand because of its special geographical position, which lies in the vicinity of Loudi and Shaoyang, the dialect has been influenced to some extent by them. This indicates Ningxiang dialect is a special inferior dialect in Hunan dialect.
 
Key words: Ningxiang dialect; morphology; configuration; noun suffix; adjective suffix; the numeral and classifier infix; the multifunctional suffix
 
 
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