自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2008年06月第14卷第3期
   
本文已被:浏览4175次    下载1383次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2008)03−0425−08
 
外语词汇磨蚀的语言学表征分析
 
李艳红
 
(鞍山师范学院外语系,辽宁鞍山,114005)
 
摘  要: 语言磨蚀的突出表现是词汇提取失败。大学一年级新生的高中英语词汇磨蚀的测试结果表明:在语音和词形上相似或相同,语义关系复杂的词汇易被磨蚀。受蚀词汇的语言学表征为:在语音上,弱音节的、音素组合关系为聚合关系的、总体韵律相似的词汇易磨蚀;词形上,词缀的语义易被磨蚀,词形相似且伴有语音相似的词汇易磨蚀,词汇的首尾成份相似的词汇也易磨蚀;语义上,语义范畴的层级关系复杂的词汇易磨蚀。词汇磨蚀可以根据其语言学表征分为四类:耐蚀词汇、易蚀词汇、半蚀词汇和全蚀词汇。
 
关键词: 词汇磨蚀;提取失败;语言学表征;大脑词库
 
 
The Study of linguistic representaions of lexical attrition of English as a foreign language
 
LI Yanhong
 
(Department of Foreign Languages, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114005, China)
 
Abstract: Lexical retrieval failure is the most evident phenomenon in language attrition. Based on the results of the attrition of English vocabulary knowledge of some Chinese begining learners after the three months’ summer holiday, the article analyzes the phonetic, orthographic and semantic representations of. attrited words in light of mental lexicon. The results show that those words featured unstressed syllable, and having Paradigmatic relations and similar general rhythmic pattern with other words likely to be attrited. If the words are similar in spelling along with the similar pronunciaton with each other, they are likely to be attrited too. If the semantic network of a group of words is too complicated to the language learner, the meanings of these words would be mixed up and then lead to retrieval failure. According the linguistic features of attrited words, the study categorized the words into four types: nonattrited words, attritable words, semi-attrited words, and fully attrited words.
 
Key words: lexical attrition; lexical retrieval; linguistic representations; mental lexicon
 
 
版权所有:《中南大学学报(社会科学版)》编辑部 
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓区麓山南路932号     邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88830141
电子邮箱: znsk@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号-4