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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2008年06月第14卷第3期
   
本文已被:浏览4552次    下载1419次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2008)03−0402−05
 
肺病隐喻与性别身份建构——中国现代文学中的“肺病”意象分析
 
王冬梅
 
(枣庄学院中文系,山东枣庄,277160)
 
摘  要: 肺病是中国现代文学中最常见的疾病意象之一,社会性别作为社会象征系统中重要的文化符码,它与肺病隐喻这一叙事/知识话语系统密切相关。肺病隐喻具有性别化的倾向,这种倾向直接影响了男女两性不同的性别文化身份建构模式。肺病隐喻的男性叙事主要关注肺病的道德内涵和社会化倾向,通过肺病隐喻完成男权社会的主体文化身份的建构,进而由肺病隐喻的审美化、意象化取向实现对女性身体的想象和规训;肺病隐喻的女性叙事割断了肺病与女性身体之间的审美想象,企图摆脱男性叙事的扭曲和遮蔽,实现现代女性自我身份的认同。
 
关键词: 肺病;隐喻;性别政治;身份建构
 
 
Metaphor in the disease of pulmonary tuberculosis and construction of sexual cultural identity
 
WANG Dongmei
 
(Chinese Department of Zaozhuang College, Zaozhuang 277160, China)
 
Abstract: One suffering from the disease of pulmonary tuberculosis is one of the most common and typical disease images in the Chinese modern literature, and gender is in close correlation with this narrative knowledge words system. Based on the comparison of the male’s body narration to the female’s about the metaphor in the disease of pulmonary tuberculosis, we can find that metaphor in the disease of pulmonary tuberculosis constructs sexual cultural identity, and sexual politic has all sorts of authoritative trace on feminine body. Gender, taken as the important cultural symbol in the symbolic society system, constructs and reads the disease metaphor. As a result of the narrator’s sexual difference, the identical disease which was suffered by both the male and female, can obtain the different metaphor connotation. The identical disease that happens to the feminine, can also obtain the different metaphor function.
 
Key words: disease of pulmonary tuberculosis; metaphor; sexual politic; construction of sexual cultural identity
 
 
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