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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2012年06月第18卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2012)03-0216-05
 
姜夔、贺裳品词之争及其咏物观的差异
 
彭洁明
 
(南京大学文学院,江苏南京,210093)
 
摘  要: 对史达祖的咏物名作《双双燕·咏燕》,姜夔称赏其“柳昏花暝”,清人贺裳则赏其“软语商量”,认为姜夔未领略此词神髓。实际上,二人分歧的实质是对这首词上片的正面描绘之法和下片的侧面烘托之法各有取舍。见微知著,以此为线索,透过二人所欣赏的咏物词范型和他们自己的咏物词创作,可以看出其咏物观的差异。贺裳推崇“形神俱似”,而姜夔则推崇从虚处造境,侧写传神,以意脉贯串。姜、史一派咏物词的特点,由此亦能略见轮廓。
 
关键词: 《双双燕》;姜夔;贺裳;咏物;侧面烘托
 
 
The Debate and Differences of the Viewpoint on Thing-depicting between Jiang Kui and He Shang
 
PENG Jieming
 
(School of Liberal Arts, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China)
 
Abstract: As for the masterpiece of lyric of thing-depicting Shuangshuangyan, Jiang Kui admired the sentence of ‘they’ve gazed their fill till in twilight’, while He Shang admired the sentence of ‘they twittering and can’t decide’, meanwhile, he that thought Jiang Kui didn’t get the essence of the lyric. In fact, the essence of the diverge between them is that they had different viewpoints on the directly description and indirectly depicting. Taking this as a clue and conducting the study on their own thing-depicting creation, we can discover the difference of the viewpoint on thing-depicting between them. He Shang highly praised the resemblance both in pattern and in manner, while Jiang Kui highly praised the profile and foil. The author believes that character of thing-depicting creation of the group of Jiang-Shi could be profiled in this.
 
Key words: ShuangshuangYan; Jiang Kui; He Shang; Thing-depicting; lateral foil
 
 
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