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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2013年02月第19卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2013)01-0148-06
 
宪政理想的地方实验
--再论梁启超与湖南自治运动
 
刘宗灵,夏炎
 
(电子科技大学马克思主义教育学院,四川成都,610051;中国社会科学院研究生院,北京,102488)
 
摘  要: 在20世纪20年代的联省自治运动中,湖南扮演了一个急先锋的角色,而且是唯一在实践中实行省治的省份,故而备受关注。当时的名流知识分子纷纷加入到这一运动中来,梁启超亦不例外,他在湖南自治运动中扮演了一个相当重要的角色。但梁启超并非如前人所论是一个坚定支持地方分权的联省自治派,他支持湖南自治,最终是为实践其宪政理想,而非为联省自治本身。梁启超不过是以湖南自治运动为契机,打着联省自治的招牌,以支持湖南自治为手段,为其宪政理想特别是国民制宪理想的实现寻一个实验用地而已。
 
关键词: 湖南自治;梁启超;宪政理想;地方实验
 
 
The local experiment of constitutional ideal
--the renewed discussion of Liang Qi-chao and provincial autonomy of Hunan
 
LIU Zongling, XIA Yan
 
(School of Marxism Education, University of Electronic Science and Technology, Chengdu 610051, China;
The Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 102488, China)
 
Abstract: During the allied-provinces automatic movement in 1920s, Hunan Province played a vanward role, and it is also the unique province which put the ideas of provincial autonomy into practice. At that time many elite intellectuals took part in this movement gradually, and the same is Liang Qi-chao who played a rather important role in it. But Liang was not a federationist who supported decentralism confirmedly, which is different from other scholars' previous opinions. He supported Hunan’s autonomy not just for the aim of Joint-Provinces’ Autonomy, but for putting his constitutional ideal into practice by using it as an experiment.
 
Key words: Provincial Autonomy of Hunan; Liang Qi-chao; constitutional ideal; local experiment
 
 
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