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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2013年02月第19卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2013)01-0124-07
 
债权人可否留置非债务人之物
--《物权法》第230条的斟酌
 
吕海宁,刘耀东
 
(大连海事大学法学院,辽宁大连,116026;
大连海洋大学经济管理学院,辽宁大连,116026)
 
摘  要: 在一般情况下,留置权仅得于债务人所有之动产上成立。债权人对于非属债务人所有的动产之上能否成立留置权,乃留置权本身成立与否的问题,并非留置权的善意取得。惟在债权与物的返还义务为基于同一法律关系而产生的情况下,始可基于民法保护交易安全之趣旨例外地许可债权人于第三人之动产上成立留置权,此例外情况同样不属于留置权的善意取得。
 
关键词: 留置权;债权人;善意取得;处分行为
 
 
The creditor’s right to establish Lien on the movable property not belonging to the debtor
-Focusing on Article 230 of Real Rights Law of thePeople’s Republic of China
 
LU Hai-ning, LIU Yao-dong
 
(Law School of Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China;
College of Economics and Management, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China)
 
Abstract: Generally speaking, lien can only be established on the movable property belonging to the debtor. Whether the creditor has the right to establish lien on the movable property which doesn’t belong to the debtor lies in the problem of establishing lien, but not that of obtaining lien with goodwill. Only when the credit and the responsibility of recovering property are produced from the same legal relation, can the creditor establish lien, but not obtain lien with goodwill, on the movable property belonging to the third party, which differs from the exception based on the aim of the civil law to protect the dealing safety.
 
Key words: lien; creditor; bona fide; disposing act
 
 
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