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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年08月第17卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)04-0169-08
 
论欧阳修对唐人“小说”之学的重建
 
郝敬
 
(南京大学文学院,江苏南京,210093)
 
摘  要: 自班固《汉志》建立“小说”之学,确立了“小道”的学术性核心特征,直至唐人撰修《隋志》时,虽然“小说”创作出现了较为显著的文学色彩,但其理论构建层面未发生重要变化。欧阳修撰修《崇文总目》与《新唐书》,在将部分“杂传”作品界定为“小说”类所作的持续努力,使“小说”从一种没有固定表述体式的学术之说,逐渐转变成一种具有显著文学特征的叙事性文体。在传统“小说”观念向近现代“小说”观念转变的过程中,欧阳修为“小说”引入“杂传”的书写体式,确立“小说”的独立文体位置,起到了非常关键的作用。
 
关键词: 欧阳修;“小说”;杂传;文体;《汉书》;《新唐书》;《崇文总目》
 
 
On Ou Yang-xiu’s reconstruction of the learning of

novel during Tang Dynasty

 
HAO Jing
 
(School of Liberal Arts, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China)
 
Abstract: From Ban Gu’s Han-Zhi which founded the learning of novel and established the “little Tao” as its academic core feature, to Sui-Zhi edited by people in Tang dynasty, the learing of novel has no changes all along in the theoretical level, although some literary features had appeared in the creative level. In Ou Yang-xiu’s Chong-Wen-Zong-Mu and Xin-Tang-Zhi there were some sustaining efforts on putting partial mixed biographies to novels, which made the novel from an academic learning with non-fixed expressive style gradually transform into a narrative literary style with marked features. During the process of the concept of novel from the traditional to modern, Ou Yang-xiu played a key role. Because he introduced the written style of mixed biography to novel and established the independent literary style position of novel.
 
Key words: Ou Yang-xiu; novel; mixed biography; literary style; Han Shu; Xin-Tang-Zhi; Cheng-Wen-Zong-Mu
 
 
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