自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年08月第17卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)04-0054-04
 
梭罗作品的生态哲学思想
 
吴伟萍
 
(漳州师范学院外文系,福建漳州,363000)
 
摘  要: 亨利·大卫·梭罗是生态主义文学的先驱。在自然生态方面,梭罗批判了西方文明中人与自然对立的宇宙观,提出人类是大自然的一部分,人与自然和谐交融的自然生态思想;在社会生态方面,梭罗批判了文明的发展导致物欲膨胀而心灵荒芜,提倡节制物欲、理性生活,提出文明与自然和谐发展的社会生态思想;在精神生态方面,梭罗强调人必须拥有自己独立的精神世界及不断地完善自我,努力追求真理的重要性,并指出回归自然是人类走出精神困境,重建诗意栖居地的必经之路。
 
关键词: 梭罗;自然生态; 社会生态; 精神生态;生态哲学;生态文学
 
 
Ecophilosophical Thoughts of Thoreau’s writings
 
WU Weiping
 
(Foreign Language Department of Zhangzhou Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000, China)
 
Abstract: Henry David Thoreau, an American writer in the 19th century, expresses his view of ecological ethics in his works by his experiment and thinking. His understanding of natural ecology is unprecedented in American literature. He puts forward his view of natural ecology, social ecology;spiritual ecology. He is strongly against material-seeking and calls on the simplification of material life. And he pursues the full spiritual life and wants to establish the spiritual mansion. He tries to form a balance between nature, civilization and spirit. Thoreau’s view of ecological ethics has a great influence on the modern movements as environmental protection.
 
Key words: natural ecology; social ecology; spiritual ecology; ecophilosophy; ecological literature
 
 
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