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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年06月第17卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)03-0094-05
 
埃塞俄比亚亲子关系的推定与否认制度及其启示
 
罗杰
 
(西南政法大学,重庆,400031)
 
摘  要: 1960年《埃塞俄比亚民法典》创设了亲子关系的推定与否认制度,其立法内容严谨、科学、先进,颇具特色。主要表现有三:彻底贯彻子女地位平等原则;适当扩大适用范围;倾向维护亲子关系的稳定性之立法价值取向。其以“子女”统一称谓、将同居关系纳入调整范围、采用“受孕”与“出生”并重学说、将明显之客观事实作为推定规则之除外规定、受推定子女亦可享有否认权、用例示方式具体规定否认理由等立法经验,值得我国借鉴。
 
关键词: 《埃塞俄比亚民法典》;亲子关系推定;同居关系;婚生子女;非婚生子女
 
 
On the presumption and denial system of Parent-child Relationship in Ethiopia and its revelations
 
LUO Jie
 
(Southwest University of Political Science and Law, Chongqing 400031, China)
 
Abstract: The Ethiopia civil code in 1960 created the presumption and denial system of parent-child relationship which had some distinguishing features, such as being exact, scientific and advanced. It manifests itself as follows: the principle of equality of children’s positions was thoroughly run through; extended properly the scope of application; tended to choose legislative value orientation about maintaining the stability of parent-child relationship. By contrast, the legislation in this aspect is completely blank in China. In Ethiopian presumption and denial system of parent-child relationship, “children” is an unified title to all the offspring, the scope of application includes de facto relationship, both of the “conception” and “be born” are equally important, the naked facts are excluded in presumption, the presumed children also have denial right to institute an action at law and so on. We can make use of all these legislative experiences in order to consummate the relevant legislation and judicial system in China.
 
Key words: Ethiopia Civil Code; a presumption of parent-child relationship; cohabit; legitimate children; illegitimate children
 
 
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