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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2007年12月第13卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览3881次    下载1287次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2007)06−0637−03
 
普世伦理:一种有限的责任伦理——重读恩格斯《反杜林论》
 
陈明, 江萍
 
(南京政治学院上海分院,上海,200433)
 
摘  要: 恩格斯否定终极的、普遍适用的道德真理的存在。从某个民族、某个群体甚至个人的道德观念中无法推导出一个人类普遍接受的道德认知,道德归根到底是建立在一定经济状况上的阶级的道德,但他并不否认道德的共同性的存在。当下全球普世伦理的诉求,应该充分尊重各民族、各群体中客观存在的多元化道德认识,保证不同民族、区域及其各特殊文化传统之间的平等对话和理解,广泛吸纳人类在“共同生活实践”中得出的阶段性的道德认同,跳出抽象的主观设计的道德研究方法,到现实的生活世界,特别是到共同的利益基础中去开拓。
 
关键词: 普世伦理;道德观念;道德研究方法;正义
 
 
The universal ethics: the limited responsibility ethics——A rereading of Engels’“Anti-Dühring”
 
CHEN Ming, JIANG Ping
 
(Shanghai Branch of the Nanjing Politics Institution, PLA, Shanghai 200433, China)
 
Abstract: Engels denied the existence of the culminating and widespread applicable moral truth. It is impossible to find out a moral cognizance from the moral notions of certain nations, groups or an individual which can be widely accepted by all human beings. In the final analysis, morality, with the class nature, is based on certain economic foundations. However, Engels did not deny the existence of intercommunity of different kinds of morals. Currently, on seeking for the universal ethics, we should realize and fully respect the plural moral cognizance of diverse nations and groups, ensure the equal communication and mutual understanding among the varied civilizations, absorb the essence of moral notions from the common life and practice of human beings in different stages of history. In stead of adopting the subjective methodology in moral study, we should explore the universal ethics from the real world, especially, from the common interest foundations.
 
Key words: the universal ethics; moral notion; moral study method; justice
 
 
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