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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2007年12月第13卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2007)06−0626−06
 
康德“自主性”概念及其超越
 
董山民
 
(南京大学哲学系,江苏南京,210093)
 
摘  要: 在有关现代性的讨论中,标志性的概念“理性”已经被人们解构,但是另一概念“成熟”及其相关的词汇“自主性”则被学人忽略。自主性在康德的视野中是摆脱监护和控制状态实现启蒙的重要预设。福柯不满意康德的普遍理性概念,从而引进历史本体论来批判理性及其公开运用的可能性.在对理性进行拆解的过程中,我们看到了自主性的背谬。自主性在中国现代性和后现代皆有体现的语境中,有其特殊的意义。
 
关键词: 康德;自主性;理性;立法;启蒙精神;自我创造
 
 
On Kant’s conception of autonomy and its transcendence
 
DONG SHanmin
 
(Philosophy Department, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China)
 
Abstract:  In the discussion about modernity, its distinctive conception “autonomy” has been deconstructed by many authors. However, another conception “mature” and this term “autonomy” related to it were ignored. Kant believes that “autonomy” would be preoccupied inevitably in order to escape from the supervising and controlling state. Foucault discontented with the universal concept of what Kant ever intended to, and he furthermore put forward his historical ontology which will be used for checking up reason and its public employment. From his criticism, we find out that there is a dilemma about autonomy. It is high time we reviewed carefully “autonomy” in terms of the context of modernity and post-modernity in contemporary China.
 
Key words: Kant; autonomy; reason; legislation; spirit of enlightenment self-creation
 
 
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