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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2010年04月第16卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2010)02-0081-06
 
艾森豪威尔政府拉拢印度尼西亚军人势力政策的确立
——美国外交文档解密
 
代保平
 
(湖北经济学院社会科学系,湖北武汉,430205)
 
摘  要: 1958年美国中央情报局支持的印尼外岛叛乱平息后,艾森豪威尔政府重新调整了对印尼的外交政策。在政策调整过程中美国国务院和军方的意见占据了上风,即主张政府多接触具有反共姿态的印尼陆军。随后美国国家安全委员会通过的5901号文件明确了印尼陆军已成为对印尼外交政策中的重要角色。1959年7月印尼政治体制回归到苏加诺主张的“有领导的民主”上,政党政治在印尼走向死亡,支持印尼军方的重要性尤为迫切,国家安全委员会6023号文件再次确认了此点。至此,陆军成为了美国制衡印尼国内政治向左倾发展的唯一代理人。
 
关键词: 艾森豪威尔政府;美国中央情报局;美国冷战战略;印尼政变;美国外交档案
 
 
The Formation Of U.S Diplomatic Policy to supporting Indonesia’s Army during 1960’s——As U.S. National Security Council document of 6023 issued
 
DAI Baoping
 
(Department of Social Sciences, Hubei University of Economics, Wuhan 430205, China)
 
Abstract: After suppressing the Indonesia’s Outer Islands rebellion which was supported by the CIA of U.S. Eisenhower Administration readjusted the policy of diplomacy to Indonesia. In the process of readjusting the policy, the opinion of the U.S State Department and Military took a leading role, That is, the government should have more contracts with the anti-Communist Indonesian army. Later, The NSC5901 document passed clearly stated that the Indonesian Army had played an important role in the policy of diplomacy to Indonesia. In July 1959, the Indonesia’s political system came back to the Sukarno statement “The Guided Democracy”, while the political parties went to death in Indonesia. Supporting the Indonesia’s Army was particularly urgent. NSC6023 had reconfirmed it. So far, the army had become the role agent for America to count balance the development of the left extreme in Indonesia.
 
Key words: Eisenhower Administration; CIA; Cold War strategy of the U.S.A; coup detat in Indonesia; diplomatic policy files of the U.S.A
 
 
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