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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2010年04月第16卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2010)02-0116-05
 
略论梨园行的送财习俗
 
李跃忠,曹群勇
 
(湖南科技大学人文学院,湖南湘潭,411201;
四川警察学院侦查系,四川泸州,646000)
 
摘  要: 梨园行在我国民间的财神信仰中扮演着重要的作用。这可从两个方面来考察:一是看其如何“代”财神向俗民“送”财;二是作为财神信仰的信士之一,梨园行自己如何招财。梨园行的送财习俗形式多种多样,主要有:在舞台上搬演《跳财神》为广大俗民求财;上演例戏《天官赐福》等为广大俗民赐财;在演出时的一些仪式中为广大俗民招财;在“开财门”“跳加官”等仪式中为俗民送财。而若细加考察,这一习俗的起意、形成及其实施,均有着深刻的文化内涵。
 
关键词: 习俗;戏俗;梨园行;财神信仰;送财习俗
 
 
The custom of distribution the wealth of traditional opera circles
 
LI Yuezhong, CAO Qunyong
 
(School of Humanities, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan 411201, China;
Department of Investigation, Sichuan Police College, Luzhou 646000, China)
 
Abstract: The traditional opera plays an important role in the belief of the God of Wealth. This can be investigated from two aspects: how the actors and actresses distributed money to the folks instead of the God of Wealth and how they incured the wealth for themselves. The ways of theater circles for distribution the wealth can be summed up as follows: playing God of Wealth Jumping or the lixi Tanguancfu, performance of religious rites and other custom of opening financial doors, and Tiaojia Guan. This custom has a profound cultural connotation.
 
Key words: custom; custom of opera; traditional opera circles; belief of the God of wealth; custom of distribute the wealth
 
 
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