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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2003年02月第9卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2003)01-0016-05
 
社会转型中的“集体主义”
——兼评邓小平同志在集体主义的现代转型中所做的贡献
 
邝勇军,邝良兼
 
(北京大学哲学系,北京,100871;长沙市岳麓区人民检察院,湖南长沙,410006)
 
摘  要: 有人断言,集体主义会在20世纪末走向衰亡。在分析了这一预言所基的历史原因,并简述了旧模式下集体主义的负面效应后,阐述了邓小平同志为了把个人从虚幻的极左的集体主义中解脱出来,坚持用具体的历史的观点研究人,重视个人利益,进行了创造性理论构建。在充分肯定个人利益的基础上,小平同志站在集体主义立场对个人主义进行了批驳,目的是促进个人与集体走向联合,达到辩证统一,这也正是集体主义价值观在现代境遇中转型的根本着眼点和发展方向。
 
关键字: 邓小平;集体主义;个人主义;个人利益
 
 
Collectivism in social transformation
——on contributions of Deng Xiaoping in the
modern transformation of collectivism
 
KUANG Yong-jun,KUANG Liang-jian
 
(Department of Philosophy, Beijing University, Beijing 100871, China;
People′s Prosecutorate of YueLu District, Changsha 410006, China)
 
Abstract: It is alleged that collectivism will come to an end by the end of the 20th century. This article analyses the historical reason for this allegation and the negative effect of collectivism in the old system. It also introduces Deng Xiaoping′s creative construction of the theory which studies human beings from concrete and historical viewpoint and which attaches importance to individual benefits. From the standpoint of collectivism, Deng Xiaoping criticized the individualism, aiming at the unification of the individual and the collective and thus making them reach a dialectic harmony. This is the very starting point and development direction of the transformation of collectivist values in the modern situation.
 
Key words: Deng Xiaoping; collectivism; individualism; individual benefits
 
 
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