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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2007年02月第13卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2007)01-0112-05
 
入湘三峡移民的迁徙对方言演变的影响
 
彭婷
 
(中南大学文学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 在对湖南移民史进行了简单回顾以后,总结了人口迁徙对方言演变影响的若干因素,重点讨论了外在客观因素、人口个体因素、人口集体性对移民方言的影响,这些影响归根到底呈现出两种趋势:对原有方言的分化和保护。在此基础上,还分析了入湘三峡移民的迁徙活动在影响其方言接触上的独特性:总数大,而分布时间、地点不集中;西南官话与新湘语、老湘语、赣语、西南官话的接触;推广普通话的大背景;非自愿前提;多为农村移民;家族被分散。
 
关键词: 三峡移民;湘方言;西南官话;方言演变
 
 
The impact of Three Gorges migrants’ migration into Hunan province on the evolution of dialects
 
PENG Ting
 
(School of Literature, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: After a simple review of Hunan immigrants’ history, the author summed up a number of factors about the impact of migration on dialects’ evolvement, This paper emphatically discussed the influences of the external objective factors, the population individual factors, the population collective on the dialect. And these influences finally present two kinds of tendencies, polarization and protection. What’s more, it discussed the unique dialect of Three Gorges migrants’ movement activities. For example, the gross population is big, while distribution time and place isn’t centralized;and such changes as the contact with Xi’nan mandarin, new Xiang dialect, old Xiang dialect and Gan dialect; the big background of promoting standard spoken Chinese; non-voluntary premise; the majority of them are countryside immigrants; the family is dispersed.
 
Key words: Three Gorges migrants; Xiang Dialect; Xi’nan Mandarin; development
 
 
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