自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2007年02月第13卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2007)01-0108-04
 
涟源三峡移民方言与当地方言特点比较
 
李星辉,胡花尼
 
(中南大学文学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 
在音系调查的基础上,进一步地对重庆开县厚坝乡吉义话和湖南涟源桥头河镇桂花话的特点展开比较,语音上从古全浊声母今读的清化情况、泥来母的分合、非晓组的分混、鼻音韵尾的保留与否、入声的有无等声、韵、调的12个方面进行比较;词汇上主要比较构词特点,名词后缀的类别、语素重叠构词的方式、动物性别词缀等;语法上考察了两者的指示代词、人称代词和处置式、被动式的表示等方面。通过比较可以清楚了解两处方言的特色及它们之间的差异。
 
关键词: 吉义话;桂花话;语音;构词;语法
 
 
The Comparison of dialect features between emigrates and original inhabitants in Lianyuan
 
LI Xinghui, HU Huani
 
(Institute of Literature,Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: We have compared the language features between Jiyi dialect and Lianyuan dialect after investigating the phonemes.In phonetics, we compare 12 aspects of consonants . vowels and tones, such as voiced consonants becoming voiceless consonants, breaking up ni and lai consonants, mixing fei and xiao consonants up,nasal sounds acting as the ending of a final,ru tone being kept.In vocabulary,we compare the struture features of words.classification of noun suffix.ways of the morpheme overlapping and sex suffix of animals.In grammar,we compare personal pronoun.active voice and passive forms. From all of these we can comprehend more clearly the features and differences between Jiyi dialect and Lianyuan dialect.
 
Key words: Jiyi dialect; Lianyuan dialect; phonetics; vocabulary; grammar
 
 
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